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Is CBD Legal? Find Your State’s Hemp Laws [Interactive Map]

Is CBD legal? Join us for a state-by-state look at hemp and CBD laws in the United States.

With the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the legal landscape for hemp has changed dramatically. And that’s left many consumers wondering about the legal status of CBD their states.

At the federal level, hemp products like CBD have been clearly removed from the purview of the DEA, and are now being regulated under the authority of the USDA and the FDA. But while these agencies define their rules for hemp and CBD, many individual states are still working with the laws that they had previously enacted.

Ready for a closer look? Click through the map, or scroll down to the list below, to see what each state has to say about cannabidiol, medical marijuana, and industrial hemp.

Interactive Map: State CBD Laws

Legend:
Green = Cannabis is legal for medical and adult use
Blue = Medical cannabis laws
Yellow = Laws that only permit low-THC, high CBD products and/or industrial hemp cultivation
Gray = No protections for CBD consumers

Looking for more detail? Click on each state below to expand and get more information on the legal status of cannabis and cannabinoids like CBD.


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Alabama CBD Laws
In December 2018, Alabama Attorney General Steve Marshall updated a public notice on the legal status of CBD. As a result of the 2018 Farm Bill, the notice states, “CBD derived from industrial hemp, with a THC concentration of not more than .3%, can be legally produced, sold, and possessed in the State of Alabama.” 

In January 2019, Alabama launched its Industrial Hemp Research and Pilot Program. The program is awaiting guidance from the USDA before issuing licenses to growers.

2014: SB 174 “Carly’s Law”
Allows University of Alabama Birmingham to research the effectiveness of low-THC products for seizure disorders.

2016: HB 61 “Leni’s Law”
Physicians may recommend CBD for more conditions.

Alaska CBD Laws
Alaska has medical cannabis and adult use laws. However, industrial hemp is classified differently under state law. Alaska’s legislature has approved an industrial hemp pilot program, but has not yet implemented it.

Measure 8 (1998), SB 94 (1999): Medical cannabis

Ballot Measure 2 (2014): Adult use.

Arizona CBD Laws

Arizona has a medical marijuana program, and an industrial hemp program was signed into law in 2019.

The Arizona Department of Agriculture began issuing licenses to grow and process industrial hemp in 2019.

Proposition 203 (2010): Medical marijuana

SB 1098 (2018): Industrial hemp pilot program

Arkansas CBD Laws
Arkansas has laws instituting both a medical marijuana program and an industrial hemp program.

Issue 6 (2016): Medical cannabis

Ark. Stat. Ann. § 2-15-401 et seq. (2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

California CBD Laws
California has legalized medical cannabis, and also permits adult use

However, the status of CBD is still murky.

In July 2018, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) released a FAQ prohibiting the use of industrial hemp-derived CBD in food on the grounds that it is an unapproved food additive.

Proposition 215 (1996),  SB 420 (2003): Medical cannabis

Cal. Food and Agric. Code §81000 to 81010 (2016): Industrial hemp

Colorado CBD Laws
Colorado has legal medical cannabis and adult use.

Amendment 20 (2000): Medical cannabis

Colo. Rev. Stat. § 35-61-101 to 35-61-109 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Connecticut CBD Laws

Connecticut has a medical cannabis law and has established an industrial hemp pilot program.

HB 5389 (2012): Medical cannabis

2014 Conn. Acts, P.A. #14-191 (Reg. Sess.): Industrial hemp feasibility study

Delaware CBD Laws

In Delaware, medical cannabis is legal for approved conditions. The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 17 (2011): Medical cannabis

Del. Code Ann. tit. 3 § 2800 to 2802 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Washington, DC CBD Laws

Washington, DC has legalized medical cannabis and adult use. Adults may possess and gift “marijuana” products, but they may not buy or sell them. CBD derived from industrial hemp is not regulated under these laws.

Initiative 59 (1998),  L18-0210 (2010): Medical cannabis

Initiative 71 (2014): Adult use

Florida CBD Laws
Florida has a medical cannabis program and an industrial hemp pilot program is currently being implemented. The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services published its proposed hemp rules in October 2019.

Amendment 2 (2016): Medical cannabis

S 1726 (Enacted; Effective June 16, 2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

Georgia CBD Laws
Georgia state law includes a very restrictive medical marijuana cannabis program. It allows the University System of Georgia to develop a low-THC oil for a clinical research program that meets FDA trial compliance.

These oils must be below 5% THC and contain at least an equal amount of CBD.

Qualifying conditions include end stage cancer, ALS, MS, seizure disorders, Crohn’s, mitochondrial disease, Parkinson’s, and Sickle Cell disease.

The Georgia Hemp Farming Act was passed in early 2019 to establish an agricultural hemp program.

HB 1 (2015): Low-THC medical cannabis

HB 216 (2019): Industrial hemp program

Guam CBD Laws
Guam has legalized medical cannabis and adult use.

Proposal 14A (2014): Medical cannabis

Bill No. 32-35 (2019): Adult use

Hawaii CBD Laws
Hawaii has both a medical cannabis program and an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 862 (2000): Medical Cannabis

Hawaii Rev. Stat. § 141A to 141J and § 712 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Idaho CBD Laws
Idaho does not have medical or adult use cannabis. Nor has the state implemented an industrial hemp pilot program.

A law that would have legalized low-THC CBD products for medical use was vetoed by the state’s governor in 2015.

Illinois CBD Laws
Illinois has an industrial hemp program which specifically allows manufacturers to extract CBD.

In 2018, the state signed into law SB 2772, the Commercial Low THC Hemp Extract Act. This law makes it legal to distribute or sell low THC hemp extract if they can provide a certificate of analysis showing that it contains no more than 0.3% total THC by weight. The law also amends the Cannabis Control Act to exclude low-THC hemp extract from the definition of “cannabis”.

In 2019, Illinois legalized adult use.

HB 1 (2013): Medical Cannabis

Ill. Ann. Stat. ch. 720 § 550/15.2 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

SB 2772 (2018): Legalized hemp extract

SB 0007 (2019): Adult use

Indiana CBD Laws
Indiana does not have a medical marijuana law, but the state does have an industrial hemp pilot program.

In 2018, following disputes around the legality of CBD, the state passed Senate Enrolled Act 52, which allows any person to buy, sell and possess CBD oil. Under the law, CBD products must meet labeling requirements and contains no more than 0.3 percent THC.

Ind. Code Ann. § 15-15-13-1 to 15-15-13-17 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

HB 1148 (2017): Medical CBD for the treatment of epilepsy

Senate Enrolled Act 52 (2018): Legalized CBD with less than .3 percent THC

Iowa CBD Laws
Iowa does not have a medical cannabis program, but Iowa Code chapter 124E established a medical CBD program.

Iowa Senate File 599 was signed into law in 2019 and established an agricultural hemp program. According to the state’s department of agriculture, the program won’t be enacted until 202o at the earliest. The agency says that the hemp bill does not affect the states medical CBD law.

In August 2018, Iowa’s Department of Public health released a statement saying that over-the-counter CBD products are not legal in the state. Many stores are selling CBD products anyway, asserting that the products are legal under the 2014 Farm Bill.

Iowa Code chapter 124E: Medical CBD

Senate File 599 (2019): Industrial hemp program

Kansas CBD Laws
Kansas does not have a medical cannabis program, but in 2018 the state enacted a law that removed from the controlled substances list any hemp products that do not contain THC. The state also passed a law creating an industrial hemp pilot program.

In 2019, the state legislature passed Claire and Lola’s Law, which created an affirmative defense for possession of CBD oil with up to five percent THC. While it didn’t legalize the production or sale of these products in Kansas, it made it possible for people with specific debilitating medical conditions — or the parents or guardians of a child with these conditions — to possess full-spectrum CBD.

SB 263 (2018): Industrial hemp pilot program

SB 282 (2018): Updating substances included in schedules I, II and III of the uniform controlled substances act.

SB 28 (2019): Low-THC CBD “Claire and Lola’s Law”

Kentucky CBD Laws
Kentucky does not have a medical cannabis law, but the state has a robust industrial hemp pilot program and a medical CBD law.

According to the Kentucky Department of Agriculture, retailers and processors now using around 61 percent of the hemp grown in the state to make CBD products.

SB 124 (2014) Clara Madeline Gilliam Act: Exempted cannabidiol from the definition of marijuana and allows it to be administered by a public university or school of medicine in Kentucky for clinical trial or expanded access program approved by the FDA.

Ky. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 260.850 to 260.869 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Louisiana CBD Laws
Louisiana passed a medical cannabis law in 2017, and the state passed an industrial hemp law in 2019. The state anticipates issuing licenses for the 2020 growing season after the USDA issues its guidelines.

SB 271 (2017): Medical cannabis

HB 491 (2019): Industrial hemp program

Maine CBD Laws
In Maine, both medical cannabis and adult use are legal.

Question 2 (1999), LD 611 (2002), Question 5 (2009), LD 1811 (2010), LD 1296 (2011): Medical cannabis

Me. Rev. Stat. Ann. tit. 7 § 2231 (2016): legalizes growing industrial hemp for commercial purposes

Maryland CBD Laws
Maryland has medical cannabis and an industrial hemp pilot program.

HB 702 (2003), SB 308 (2011), HB 180/SB 580 (2013), HB 1101- Chapter 403 (2013),

SB 923 (signed 4/14/14), HB 881- similar to SB 923: Medical cannabis

Md. Agriculture Code Ann. § 14-101 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Massachusetts CBD Laws
Massachusetts law allows both medical cannabis and adult use. The state also has an industrial hemp program.

Question 3 (2012), Regulations (2013): Medical cannabis

Question 4 (2016): Adult use

Mass. Gen. Laws. Ann. 128 § 116 to 123 (2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

Michigan CBD Laws
With 2018’s Proposition 1, Michigan became the first midwestern state to legalize adult use, cultivation, and retail marketing of marijuana.

Michigan also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

Proposal 18-1 (2018): Adult use

Proposal 1 (2008): Medical cannabis

Mich. Comp. Laws § 286.841 to 286.844 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Minnesota CBD Laws
Minnesota has a medical cannabis program, as well as an industrial hemp pilot program. Hemp-derived CBD is currently sold throughout the state.

SF 2471, Chapter 311 (2014): Medical cannabis

Minn. Stat. § 18K.01 to 18K.09 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Mississippi CBD Laws
Mississippi does not have medical marijuana or an industrial hemp program. Under a 2014 law, CBD oil is legal under very limited circumstances.

After the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, the state created a Hemp Cultivation Task Force during the 2019. The Task Force is working to determine the potential for hemp cultivation and job creation in Mississippi.

HB 1231 “Harper Grace’s Law” 2014: Medical CBD

Missouri CBD Laws
In November 2018, Missouri voters approved a comprehensive medical cannabis program. It will allow physicians to recommend medical marijuana at their discretion. Qualifying patients will have access to licensed dispensaries.

Before that, Missouri law only allowed CBD products derived from industrial hemp with less than .3% THC and at least 5% CBD by weight.

The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

Amendment 2 (2018): Comprehensive medical cannabis

HB 2238 (2014): Medical CBD

HB 2034 (2018): Industrial hemp pilot program

Montana CBD Laws
Montana has a medical cannabis program and an industrial hemp pilot program.

Initiative 148 (2004), SB 423 (2011), Initiative 182 (2016): Medical cannabis

Mont. Code Ann. § 80-18-101 to 80-18-111 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Nebraska CBD Laws
Nebraska has an industrial hemp pilot program, but it has not yet passed any laws legalizing cannabis for medical or adult use.

Nebraska’s attorney general has stated that under state law, CBD is only legal if it is in an FDA-approved product. 

Neb. Rev. Stat. § 2-5701 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

LB657 (2019): Industrial hemp program

Nevada CBD Laws
In Nevada, cannabis is legal for both medical and adult use. The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

Question 9 (2000) NRS 453A NAC 453A: Medical cannabis

Question 2 (2016): Adult use

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 557.010 to 557.080 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

New Hampshire CBD Laws
New Hampshire has a medical cannabis program as well as an industrial hemp pilot program.

HB 573 (2013): Medical cannabis

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 433-C:1 to 433-C:3 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

New Jersey CBD Laws
New Jersey has a medical cannabis program, but does not yet allow adult use.

The state passed a hemp farming law in 2019.

SB 119 (2009): Medical cannabis

A5322 (2019): Industrial hemp program

New Mexico CBD Laws
New Mexico has both medical cannabis and an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 523 (2007): Medical cannabis

SB 6 (2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

New York CBD Laws
New York has medical cannabis and an industrial hemp pilot program. CBD is sold widely in the state.

A6357 (2014): Medical cannabis

N.Y. Agriculture and Markets Law § 505 to 508 (McKinney 2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

North Carolina CBD Laws
While there is not a comprehensive medical cannabis program in North Carolina, the state does have a law permitting the use of CBD for intractable epilepsy. Despite the limited scope of the law, hemp-derived CBD products are sold throughout the state.

The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

HB 1220 (2014) Epilepsy Alternative Treatment Act- Pilot Study

HB 766 (2015) Removes Pilot Study designation

N.C. Gen. Stat. § 106-568.50 to 106-568.54 and § 90-87(16) (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

North Dakota CBD Laws
North Dakota has both medical cannabis and an industrial hemp pilot program.

But local law enforcement interpret statutes differently when it comes to CBD, leaving consumers and retailers in legal limbo. For example, in 2017 law enforcement raided a store that sold CBD products, but other retailers in the state have been selling CBD without any repercussions.

Measure 5 (2016): Medical cannabis

N.D. Cent. Code § 4-41-01 to 4-41-03 and § 4-05.1-05 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Ohio CBD Laws
Ohio has a medical cannabis law, and industrial hemp cultivation and CBD regulations were signed into law in 2019.

HB 523 (2016): Medical cannabis

SB 57 (2019): Decriminalizes hemp and CBD

Oklahoma CBD Laws
In 2018, Oklahoma approved a medical cannabis program and an industrial hemp pilot program. Neither program is yet operational. In 2015, the state also passed a law permitting CBD for minors with severe forms of epilepsy. CBD-only stores are currently operating in the state.

SQ 788: Medical cannabis

HB 2913 (2018): Industrial hemp pilot program

SB 868 (2019): Expands industrial hemp program

HB 2154 (2015): Medical CBD for minors with Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, Dravet Syndrome, or other severe epilepsy

Oregon CBD Laws
Oregon has a medical cannabis program, an industrial hemp pilot program, and has legalized cannabis for adult use.

Oregon Medical Marijuana Act (1998), SB 161 (2007): Medical cannabis

Measure 91 (2014): Adult use

Or. Rev. Stat § 571.300 to § 571.315 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Pennsylvania CBD Laws
Pennsylvania passed a medical cannabis law in 2016. The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 3 (2016): Medical cannabis

Pa. Cons. Stat. Ann. tit. 3 § 701 to 710 (Purdon 2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Puerto Rico CBD Laws
Puerto Rico passed a medical cannabis law in 2016. At least one CBD manufacturer has been approved to sell their products as nutritional supplements in the territory.

Public Health Department Regulation 155 (2016): Medical cannabis

Rhode Island CBD Laws
The state of Rhode Island has both a medical cannabis program and an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 791 (2007)  SB 185 (2009): Medical cannabis

R.I. Gen. Laws § 2-26-1 to 2-26-9 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

South Carolina CBD Laws
South Carolina has a medical CBD law, which protects patients who use CBD for severe forms of epilepsy. The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

State law enforcement has interpreted federal laws to determine that CBD products are legal as long as they contain less than .3 percent THC by weight, and in some cases officials have seized products for testing to ensure they are below that limit.

SB 1035 (2014) Medical Cannabis Therapeutic Treatment Act- Julian’s Law: Medical CBD

S.C. Code Ann. § 46-55-10 to 46-55-40 (Law. Co-op 2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

South Dakota CBD Laws
South Dakota’s laws are among the most restrictive in the nation when it comes to cannabis. There is no medical marijuana program or industrial hemp pilot program.

A law passed in 2017 removed CBD oil from the definition of marijuana and rescheduled to Schedule IV. But the bill requires FDA approval for CBD products, which means that there will be no legal form of CBD in the state until Epidiolex lands on shelves.

SB 95 (2017): Medical CBD

Tennessee CBD Laws
Tennessee has an industrial hemp pilot program and a medical CBD law. CBD is sold freely in much of the state, although law enforcement in some localities have cracked down on CBD vendors.

Tenn. Code Ann. § 43-26-101 to 43-26-103 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

SB 2531 (2014), HB 197 (2015): Medical CBD

Texas CBD Laws
Texas has a medical CBD law that protects patients using the cannabinoid for specific conditions as long as the product contains less than 0.5 percent THC. 

In 2019, HB 1325 created an industrial hemp program and clarified the legality of hemp-derived CBD products.

SB 339 (2015) Texas Compassionate Use Act: Medical CBD

HB 3703 (2019): Medical CBD

HB 1325 (2019): Industrial hemp and CBD

Utah CBD Laws
In 2018, Utah passed the Hemp and Cannabidiol Act. This law explicitly legalized CBD and states that the Department of Agriculture and Food ensure that products on the market are free from harmful substances and are labeled accurately.

Later in the same year, the state’s voters approved a comprehensive medical cannabis law.

Prop 2 (2018): Comprehensive medical cannabis

Utah Code Ann. § 4-41-101 to 4-41-103 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

HB 105 (2014) Hemp Extract Registration Act, SB 130: Medical CBD

Vermont CBD Laws
Vermont has a medical cannabis program, an industrial hemp pilot program, and limited legal adult use. CBD is widely produced and sold in the state.

SB 76 (2004), SB 7 (2007), SB 17 (2011): Medical cannabis

H.511 (2018): Adult use

Vt. Stat Ann. tit. 6 § 561 to 566 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Virginia CBD Laws
Virginia has an industrial hemp pilot program and a medical cannabis law that permits the use of CBD and THCA oil extracts for any diagnosed condition, with a doctor’s recommendation. Despite these restrictions, many retailers still sell hemp-derived CBD over the counter in Virginia.

Va. Code § 3.2-4112 to 3.2-4120 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

HB 1445 (2105), SB 701, HB 1251: Medical CBD and THCA

Washington CBD Laws
Washington has a robust medical cannabis program, legal adult use, and an industrial hemp pilot program.

Initiative 692(1998), SB 5798 (2010), SB 5073 (2011): Medical cannabis

Initiative 502 (2012): Adult use

Wash. Rev. Code Ann. § 15.120.005 to 15.120.050 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

West Virginia CBD Laws
West Virginia passed a medical cannabis law in 2017, and also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

SB 386 (2017): Medical cannabis

Va. Code. § 19-12E-1 to 19-12E-9 (2016): Industrial hemp pilot program

Wisconsin CBD Laws
Wisconsin has a medical CBD law and an industrial hemp pilot program.

In early 2018, the state’s Department of Justice released a memo declaring that only doctors and pharmacies can distribute CBD and that possession would only be legal with a doctor’s certification.

After an outcry from farmers, who said that the state’s industrial hemp pilot program clearly defined a legal path to CBD production, Attorney General Brad Schimel reversed the memo, saying that Wisconsin farmers who grow industrial hemp may legally produce CBD oil.

AB 726 (2013 Act 267): Medical CBD

Wis. Stat. §94.55; Wis. Stat. §94.67; Wis. Stat. §97.02; §348.27; Wis. Stat. §961.14; Wis. Stat. §961.32; Wis. Stat. §961.442; Wis. Stat. §961.55; Wis. Stat. §973.01 (effective Dec. 2, 2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

Wyoming CBD Laws
Wyoming has not implemented a comprehensive medical marijuana law, but CBD is explicitly legal for patients with seizure disorders. The state also has an industrial hemp pilot program.

While state law enforcement has said that prosecuting CBD consumers is not their highest priority, there is some risk involved in possessing CBD in Wyoming.

In 2018, Montana resident Anita Maddux was charged with a felony after she was stopped by police while driving through the state. The officer arrested her for being unable to pay a fine for an expired license plate, and that lead to the confiscation of a small vial of CBD oil that she had in her possession.

Although the Teton County Deputy Prosecutor Clark Allan eventually dropped the felony charges, the case had a chilling effect on CBD consumers in the region.

HB 32 (2015): Medical CBD

Wyo. Stat. § 35-7-2101 to 35-7-2107 (effective July 1, 2017): Industrial hemp pilot program

Editor’s Note

The information in this map and article are for informational purposes only. Please consult an attorney if you need legal advice.
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The Author

Meg Kramer

Meg Kramer

Meg Kramer is the Managing Editor of CBD Hacker. She's a writer and editor who has covered topics in science, health, and education.

When she's not writing about CBD, you can find her playing with her dogs or perfecting her bagel recipe.